Research and Academia
Research by sociologists Sam Friedman and Daniel Laurison shows that working-class graduates holding a first-class degree are still less likely to be hired than middle-class candidates with a 2:2; they also found that middle-class graduates will earn on average £7,000 more than their counterparts from low-income backgrounds.
In this article, Nathalie Olah explores how a 'lack of confidence', 'imposter syndrome', and 'lack of working class aspiration' as concepts are laid at the door of the working class to explain under-achievement through implying a cultural or personal deficiency. Where do unfair social structures and biases fit into this picture? The article raises the question of what our social ideals should be, across the social class spectrum.